Technology and Infrastructure
We use state-of-the-art MPEG-4 technology, which permits high compression for video
and DVB-S2 technology, which allows more efficient transmission of satellite signals.
We currently lease eight transponders with the Ku-band space capacity on the ST-2
satellite of SingTel. This technology and access to these eight transponders allows
us to transmit over 444 channels and services.
To consolidate programming content, ensure its digital quality, and transmit that
content to our satellite transponders, we have a digital broadcast center, located
in Greater Noida. Substantially all of the functions necessary to provide satellite-delivered
services occur at our digital broadcast center. Programming is received by our digital
broadcast center from channel or content providers via satellite, which is then
Technology and Infrastructure
Equipment at our digital broadcast center then digitizes, compresses, multiplexes,
compresses and encrypts all of our programming signals into digital video streams
prior to uplink to the ST-2 satellite of SingTel. The equipment we use has been
sourced from vendors who we believe are industry leaders such as Harmonic International
Limited for compression, Evertz Microsystems Limited and Harris Communications Limited
for baseband, Irdeto B.V. for encryption and General Dynamics SATCOM Technologies
for uplink. We also operate a subscriber management system at our digital broadcast
center in Greater Noida.
We entered into the Ku-Band Lease Agreement, with the Department of Space for the
lease of Ku-band space segment capacity on the ST-2 satellite of SingTel. We currently
lease eight 54 Mhz transponders of the ST-2 satellite. Under the Ku-band Lease Agreement,
the Department of Space is required to make available to us the Ku-band space segment
on a “24 hours a day, seven days a week” basis, for the period of the lease and
in the event of any technical non-compliance of a satellite transponder, the Department
of Space is required to provide an alternate transponder to us at the same orbital
position with similar technical performance and specifications. We are not allowed
to assign any of our rights or delegate any of our obligations under the Ku-band
Lease Agreement without the prior consent of the Department of Space. Further, we
are not allowed to sub-lease the leased capacity without the prior consent of the
Department of Space, except to group companies and affiliates.
Under the Ku-band Lease Agreement, we are required to pay to Antrix Corporation,
the commercial division of the Department of Space, the cost of transponder provisioning
charges for eight transponders on the ST-2 satellite, contract management charges
and the amount of income tax to be withheld on the full transponder provisioning
cost, as applicable.
The Ku-band Lease Agreement will stand terminated if the DTH license granted to
us by the MIB is not renewed after expiry or is cancelled by the Government of India.
Any termination of the Ku-band Lease Agreement due to non-fulfillment of payment
obligations by us or due to cancellation or non-renewal of the DTH license does
not absolve us of liabilities incurred under the Ku-band Lease Agreement, accrued
till date of termination. Upon the termination of the Ku-band Lease Agreement or
upon the end of the lease period, the use of the leased capacity so terminated or
expired unconditionally reverts to the Department of Space.